Veneer is a thin sheet/ slice of wood of uniform thickness produced by peeling, slicing, or sawing. Traditionally veneer was sawn. But now a days, veneer is obtained either by "peeling" the trunk of a tree or by slicing large rectangular blocks of wood known as flitches.

The appearance of the grain and figure in wood comes from the method of slicing through the growth rings of a tree and also depends upon the angle at which the wood is sliced.

  Steps to make a wood veneer

        •  Raw material procurement
        •  Sawing the log
        •  Steaming vat
        •  Slicing the flitches
        •  Drying the veneers
        •  Veneer clipping and matching
        •  Grading, bundling and packing
Slide 1

Raw material procurement

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Sawing the log

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Steaming vat

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Slicing the flitches

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Drying the veneers

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Veneer clipping and matching

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Grading, bundling and packing

There are several methods used to create various grain patterns.

The most commonly produced patterns are:

Crown / Flat

  • Veneer cut from part of the log produces leaves with crown pattern with some straight grain either side.
  • As the crown cut moves through the log towards the centre, the leaves become wider with the crown being narrower and more well defined, with wider straight grain sections on either side.


  • The veneer produced is generally straight grain patterns.

Various visual effects can be achieved by different methods of joining.

The most commonly used are the followings:

book matching


slip matching


barided veneers


mismatch random match


reverse slip match


book matching

Book Matching

The most widely used method. The veneer leaves are alternatively folded out as if opening the centre spread of a book, so that one veneer leaf is a mirror image of the next.

book matching

Slip Matching

The veneer leaves are kept face up and laid side by side. This style results in the same grain pattern being repeated at the width of each leaf.

book matching

Braided Veneer

Two veneer leaves are interwoven in to create a diagonally overlapping, interweaving pattern

book matching

Mismatch or

Individual leaves are random matched for effect. This is done to disperse characteristics such as clusters of knots more evenly across the sheet.

book matching

Reverse Slip

Veneer leaves are slip matched, then every second leaf is turned end for end. The method is used to “balance” crowns in the leaves so that all the crowns do not appear at one end.